What is TT selling and TT Buying?
TT selling and TT buying rates are decided by particular banks based on their position with that particular currency with respect to home currency.
It is basically rates at which other currencies are bought or sold in terms of home currency.
USD can be bought or sold by using major currencies of the world by using TT buying or selling rate.
If you want to convert the foreign currency into domestic money, you have to buy a TT, the TT buying rate inward remittances applicable to them. Telegraphic transfer, money transfer, demand draft, which are generally denominated in foreign currency converted into Indian currency or domestic currency. So, we have to purchase what is called TT buying. Conversion of proceeds of instrument, many export oriented instruments, many foreign bills, those who are denominated in foreign currency converts into domestic currency through TT buying rate.
Similarly, if you want to cancel outward remittances, suppose you have booked a foreign DD, foreign currency DD, but you want to convert into Indian currency or cancel it, then you have to purchase what is called a TT buying rate. So, TT buying rates applicable to inward remittances, foreign currency demand draft, foreign currency money transfer, conversion of proceeds of foreign currency denominated instrument, cancellation of outward remittances in the form of DD, TT, MT.
TT selling rate
If you want to send foreign currency to outside that is from domestic economy, the foreign currencies are going outward to other country, then you have to sale a TT. So, if I want to send US dollar to any US citizen in US, then I have to convert the domestic rupee into US dollar, that time I have to sell a TT. So, all outward remittances transaction which are generally converted by paying domestic money into foreign currency are called TT selling rate.
So, outward remittances, telegraphic transfer, money transfer, foreign currency denominates DD that is demand draft, conversion of proceeds of instrument that is any instrument in domestic money converted into a foreign currency, cancellation of inward remittances, if you want to convert any foreign domestic DD, TT, MT into foreign currency, then TT selling rate applicable. If you want to import something, then you have to sell TT. TT selling rate applicable to all outward transaction in which any foreign currency purchased by paying domestic currency.
Bills Buying Rate/Bills Selling Rate
Bills are export import proceeds. Bills buying rate is nothing but inward remittances, bill selling rate nothing but outward remittances. Foreign currency converted into domestic currency through bills buying rate; domestic currency converted into foreign currency through bill selling rate. Here bills are export import bill, and any other kind of foreign, foreign currency denominated instruments.
Telegraphic transfer buying (TTB) and selling (TTS) rates
Let’s start at the beginning. A telegraphic transfer – which is also often called a TT, telex transfer, or a T/T bank payment – is a broad term for transferring money from one bank account to another – usually involving moving the money from one country to another, and often between different currencies. If you’re sending money back to your home country, this payment might also be described as a remittance – but it’s basically the same thing.
When you look up the exchange rates used for TT payments, you’ll often come across a chart or set of figures which describe several different exchange rates. The ones we are interested in are telegraphic transfer buying (TTB) rates and telegraphic transfer selling (TTS) rates.2
The TTB rate is the rate at which the bank will transfer foreign currency to India, into INR for example.1 The selling rate is used when the bank is sending INR out of the country, and into a different currency.2
So for example- if you’re looking to make an outward remittance from India, and send money from your INR account to someone with a bank account held in a different currency, you need to know the selling rate (TTS). And if you’re expecting a remittance payment which has been sent from another country, the chances are that the rate applied will be the TTB rate.
What Is a Telegraphic Transfer (TT)?
A telegraphic transfer (TT) is an electronic method of transferring funds utilized primarily for overseas wire transactions. These transfers are used most commonly in reference to Clearing House Automated Payment System (CHAPS) transfers in the U.K. banking system.
Telegraphic transfers are also known as telex transfers, abbreviated TT; they can also refer to other types of transfers. The payment abbreviation, as is often the case, is utilized to speed discussions in professional circumstances. Telegraphic transfers are usually fairly expensive due to the fast nature of the transaction. Generally, the telegraphic transfer is complete within two to four business days, depending on the origin and destination of the transfer, as well as any currency exchange requirements.
Transactions where TT rate is applied are:
i. Payment of demand drafts, mail transfers, telegraphic transfers, etc. drawn on the bank where bank’s nostro account is already credited;
ii. Foreign bills collected. When a foreign bill is taken for collection, the bank pays the exporter only when the importer pays for the bill and the bank’s nostro account abroad is credited;
iii. Cancellation of foreign exchange sold earlier. For instance, the purchaser of a bank draft drawn on New York based bank may later on request the bank to cancel the draft and refund the money to him. In such case, the bank will apply the TT buying rate to determine the rupee amount payable to the customer.
The method of calculating TT buying rate is shown in Table 5.1. It is assumed that the foreign exchange to be purchased is US dollars.
Bill Buying Rate:
Bill buying rate to be apply when a foreign bill is purchased. When a bill is purchased the rupee equivalent of the bill value is credited to the exporter account immediately. However, the proceeds will be realised by the bank after the bill is presented to the drawee at the overseas centre. In the case of a usance bill, the proceeds will be realised on the due date of the bill which includes the transit period and the usance period of the bill.
If a sight bill on London is purchased, the realisation will be after a period of about say 25 days (transit period). The bank would be able to dispose of the foreign exchange only after this period. Therefore, the rate quoted to the customer would be based not on the spot rate in the interbank market, but on the interbank forward rate for 25 days.
Likewise, if the bill purchased is 30 days usance bill, then the bill will realise after about 55 days (25 days transit plus 30 days usance bill period). Therefore, the bank would be able to dispose of foreign exchange only after 55 days; the rate to the customer would be based on the interbank forward rate for 55 days.
Two points need noting in loading the bills buying rate with forward margin. First, forward margin is normally available for periods of a calendar month and not for 25 days etc. Secondly, forward margin may be at a premium or discount. Premium is to be deducted to the spot rate and discount should be added to the spot rate for direct quotations, in home rate. While making calculations, the bank will see that the period for which forward margin is loaded is beneficial to the bank.